Explore Yerevan: Must-see Sights in Armenia’s Capital

Yerevan, the capital of Armenia, offers some rather impressive monuments, historical sights, interesting architecture, and museums, to name a few. So without further ado, here are Yerevans’ must-visit attractions.

Cascade Stairway

You’ll find this in the very centre of the city. Cascade Stairway is a beautiful piece with many terraces surrounded by artsy figures and sculptures, grand floral ornaments, and cafés, bars, and restaurants. Make sure to go up on its top and enjoy the fantastic view of Yerevan and Ararat Mountain.

Mother Armenia Monument

This is a female personification of Armenia itself. Nestled in Victory Park, overlooking the capital, the figure sits on a high pedestal. This 51-meter tall monument signifies peace through strength and resembles a guardian of Yerevan.

The pedestal houses the Military Museum of the Ministry of Defense, showcasing the information about the Nagorno-Karabakh War of 1988-94.

Sergei Parajanov Museum

Sergei Parajanov was a director during the Soviet Union. The project to open his house-museum opened started in 1988, but because of that year’s devastating earthquake and socio-economic situation, it only opened three years later, after his death. The venue shows his literary and artistic heritage. Explore two floors exhibiting around 1,400 items, including hats, drawings, his memorabilia, festival prizes, original posters, and unpublished screenplays, to name a few.

Freedom Square

Freedom Square/Liberty Square, located in the central district, is part of the Yerevan Opera Theater complex. Along with the Republic Square, it is one of the main squares of Yerevan and borders with four streets: Mashtots Avenue, Tumanyan Steet, Sayat Nova, and Teryan Streer.

Ararat Brandy Factory

Armenia is known for its brandy, so if you like tasting local alcoholic beverages, make sure you visit the Ararat Brandy Factory and its museum. Guides will tell you the history of the factory itself, distilling, and bottling. Afterwards, you can try some of the varieties of their brandy.

Yerevan Great Blue Mosque

Build in the 18th century, Yerevan Great Blue Mosque is a Shia mosque, which stopped its service during Soviet times, much like any other religious building.

After Armenia gained its independence, with the support of the Iranian government, Yerevan renovated its gorgeous mosque, making it the only one in the whole country. The mosque has fascinating architecture both inside and out, along with its colourful dome that catches everyone’s eye from a distance.

The Armenian Genocide Museum

Visiting the museum devoted to the Armenian Genocide of 1915 conducted by the Ottoman government during and after World War I is very emotional. Around 1.5 million Armenians were killed in two phases during the genocide.

You can learn a lot about the pre-genocide era, read the interviews, see the reports, and watch films that attest to the emotional pain of the survivors.

History Museum of Armenia

If you love learning about a country’s history, make sure you visit the History Museum of Armenia, displaying numismatics, archaeology, ethnography, and modern history through its halls. Here, you can find an extensive selection of bronze items from the 3rd-2nd millennia BC, a collection of gold, silver, and copper coins from different kingdoms and the historical-cultural heritage of Urartu, to name just a few.

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